Kritisch Kijken Naar Kansen: De Schaduwzijden Van DBFMO

ROm FrontWaar politici en beleidsmakers lijken weg te lopen met Design, Build, Finance, Maintain & Operate (DBFMO) als vorm van publiek-private samenwerking, laat onderzoek zien dat de hoge verwachtingen ervan in de praktijk niet altijd worden waargemaakt. DBFMO kan ontzorgend, zelfregulerend en efficiënter werken, maar is geen medicijn zonder bijwerkingen. Zo kunnen publieke waarden als transparantie en kwaliteit onder druk komen te staan en biedt deze contractvorm weinig flexibiliteit als het gaat om het omgaan met onverwachte gebeurtenissen tijdens de uitvoering van een project. Om de waarborging van publieke waarden te garanderen en de inflexibiliteit te compenseren is een flexibel partnerschap en een actieve, kritische en betrokken opdrachtgever nodig.

Publicatie | Reynaers, A. & Verweij, S. (2014). Kritisch kijken naar kansen: De schaduwzijden van DBFMO. ROmagazine, 32 (4), 32-34.

What Makes Governance Networks Work? A Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis Of 14 Dutch Spatial Planning Projects

PAMany studies have been conducted to determine the conditions that contribute to the satisfactory outcome of decision making processes in governance networks. In this article we explore how the interaction of three such conditions – network complexity, network management, and stakeholder involvement – results in stakeholder satisfaction. We use fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis – a relatively new approach in public administration research – to systematically compare the decision making processes and outcomes of 14 Dutch spatial planning projects. Our analysis points to three combinations that result in stakeholder satisfaction: network complexity combined with adaptive management; stakeholder involvement combined with adaptive management; and low complexity combined with both limited stakeholder involvement and closed network management.

Publication | Verweij, S., Klijn, E.H., Edelenbos, J. & Van Buuren, M.W. (2013). What makes governance networks work? A fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis of 14 Dutch spatial planning projects. Public Administration, 91 (4), 1035-1055.

Critical Realism As A Meta-Framework For Understanding The Relationships Between Complexity And Qualitative Comparative Analysis

JCRMany methods are used in research on complexity. One of these is QCA. Although many authors allude to the relationships between complexity and QCA, these links are rarely made explicit. We propose that one way of doing so is by using critical realism as a meta-framework. This article discusses the viability of this approach by examining the extent to which QCA is a complexity-informed method. This question is answered in three steps. First, we discuss the nature of complexity and its epistemological implications. Second, we focus on Bhaskar’s perspective on critical realism and show how it can be used as a framework for understanding social complexity. Third, we examine the ontological and epistemological assumptions underlying QCA and synthesize these with our critical realist approach to complexity. We argue that complex reality is non-decomposable, contingent, non-compressible and time-asymmetric. We conclude that, although QCA is inevitably reductive (i.e. it compresses reality) and partial (i.e. it decomposes reality), its core premises are built upon the notions of contingency and time-asymmetry. Therefore, it is not only a powerful method for doing complexity-informed research, but is also a complexity-informed method by itself.

Publication | Gerrits, L.M. & Verweij, S. (2013). Critical realism as a meta-framework for understanding the relationships between complexity and qualitative comparative analysis. Journal of Critical Realism, 12 (2), 166-182.

Understanding And Researching Complexity With Qualitative Comparative Analysis: Evaluating Transportation Infrastructure Projects

EvaluationIn the article we propose a complexity-informed framework for evaluating transportation infrastructure projects. The article does this through four steps. First, the properties of infrastructure development projects are discussed. This leads to the conclusion that the specific locality or contextualization of a given project is important for explaining the outcome. Hence, there is a need for an ontology and epistemology that addresses the importance of this contextualization. The second step concerns the development of the prerequisites for a methodological framework that follows from this epistemology and ontology. The third step is the assessment of common infrastructure evaluation methods against these prerequisites. This leads to the conclusion that a comparative case-based approach is the most suitable way to study the relationship between context and outcomes in projects. A framework based on Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is presented in the fourth step. The article concludes with a discussion of the further development of QCA.

Publication | Verweij, S. & Gerrits, L.M. (2013). Understanding and researching complexity with qualitative comparative analysis: Evaluating transportation infrastructure projects. Evaluation, 19 (1), 40-55.

Management As System Synchronization: The Case Of The Dutch A2 Passageway Maastricht Project

EmergenceIn order to deal with complexity, both in science and practice the importance of flexibility and adaptiveness in the design and management of human activity systems is stressed. However, existing frameworks of procedures, practices and rules often require strict planning, design and implementation. These requirements seem to be at loggerheads with one another. In this publication I take a complexity perspective to examine as to how flexibility and adaptiveness comply with these existing frameworks to arrive at effective and efficient project realization. A grounded analysis of the Dutch A2 Passageway Maastricht infrastructure project, instigated by the question how the influence of the management system on the provisional outcomes of the project can be explained, found that it involves system synchronization: combined system fragmentation and integration.

Publication | Verweij, S. (2012). Management as system synchronization: The case of the Dutch A2 Passageway Maastricht project. Emergence: Complexity & Organization14 (4), 17-37.

Load more